Valves & Fittings - The Basics

Houses are more than just a shelter from the weather. From a structural perspective they are a matter of different systems interacting to create a safe environment for their occupants. As part of this, houses have a lot of pipes going through them for a number of different gases and liquids, such as water for sinks and toilets as well as natural gas for stoves and hot water heaters. Acting as a check on this are a series of pipe valves and fittings designed to close down the pipes for repairs and emergencies. The interconnectedness of the various systems thus allows for the overall system to work with safeguards in place.

Extra information about pipe valves and fittings


The Basics

Taking a step back, the electrical system of a house will sometimes experience a pulse of energy. Electrical breakers act to prevent the damage to wiring by tripping whenever there is a electrical pulse that threatens to fry the wiring. These breakers can also be used to shut off power to specific systems in case of emergencies or to aid in repairs. The electrical system is not the only one fitted with these sort of back up systems, and they are common throughout a house. By acting in concert the house can be both protected from damage as well as be repaired and upgraded.


Pipe Valves

Unlike a breaker system, however, these other systems are both centralized and decentralized due to the nature of the systems. For example, pipe valves work to both to shut down the system as a whole, such as through the house's main water valve, as well as locally through pipe valves nearer the source of the problem. Thus, in order to effect repairs or upgrades it is necessary to have a map of the various pipe valves, making sure that the right valve has been closed down without affecting the pipes above it in the system.


pipe fittings

By the same token the valves require some sort of way to connect to the pipes that allow them to close off the system relatively easily. Pipe fittings allow the valves to have a place to connect to the pipe it is supposed to cut off while not allowing any of the fluid or gas in the pipe to escape to the area surrounding area. This not only allows the pipe valve to be safe but to also allow the pipe to carry water without it causing water damage to the surrounding area. In short, the fittings are a back up of sorts to the valves.


In short, pipe valves and fittings allow the house to have a system in case fluids and gases need to shut off in case of emergencies and upgrades, as well as general maintenance and repair. These are not only in residential buildings but commercial as well, and for pretty much the same reasons. All of this means that the buildings are protected from a lot of potential damage in case of emergency, but also that they can be relatively easily upgraded as needed. As such they are vital parts of the overall system and make things much easier for all involved.